Male infertility

is more common than you might think.

It's estimated that 40% 50% of infertility is due to male factor infertility.
Male factor infertility

Female factor infertility

Unexplained infertility

What is male infertility?

Male infertility refers to the inability of a man to contribute to conception due to factors affecting sperm production, function, or delivery. Diagnosis typically begins with a comprehensive medical history, including discussions about sexual habits, prior reproductive experiences, and any potential environmental or lifestyle factors that may impact fertility. Semen analysis is a key diagnostic tool, evaluating sperm count, motility, and morphology.

Common causes

Common causes of male infertility include low sperm count (oligospermia), poor sperm motility, and abnormal sperm morphology. Other factors contributing to infertility include hormonal imbalances, genetic disorders affecting sperm production, testicular or reproductive system abnormalities, and conditions like varicocele, a swelling of the veins around the testicles. Lifestyle factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, drug use, obesity, and exposure to environmental toxins can also impact fertility. Infections, certain medications, and age-related decline in sperm quality are additional factors. Comprehensive evaluation, including semen analysis and medical assessments, is crucial for diagnosing and addressing male infertility.

Treatment options

Treatment options for male infertility depend on the underlying causes identified through diagnostic evaluations. Common approaches include:
Lifestyle Modifications
Adopting a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a balanced diet, and avoiding tobacco, excessive alcohol, and recreational drugs, can positively impact fertility.
Hormonal treatments may address imbalances affecting sperm production. Antioxidant supplements can improve sperm quality.
Surgical procedures, such as varicocele repair or correction of obstructive issues, can enhance fertility.
Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART)
Techniques like intrauterine insemination (IUI) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) during in vitro fertilization (IVF) may be recommended in severe cases.
Sperm Retrieval:
Surgical sperm retrieval methods, like testicular sperm extraction (TESE) or percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA), can be used when sperm production or delivery is compromised.
Consultation with a reproductive specialist is essential to determine the most appropriate treatment based on individual factors contributing to male infertility.

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